13 interesting facts about Antarctica

Antarctica is one of the most mysterious places on Earth. This continent is so large that scientists have only just begun to explore the hidden treasures.

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Many places in Antarctica have no rain or snow in 2 million years: About 1% of the Antarctic continent (4,000 km) never has ice, called the dry valley or oasis. These places have never had rain or snow for nearly 2 million years. According to a study, due to climate change, the ice-free area could expand to 25 percent by the end of the 21st century and significantly alter the continent's biodiversity.

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Blood falls: Five million years ago when sea levels rose, the East Antarctic flooded and formed a salt lake. Australian geologist Griffith Taylor discovered the glacial red-hot waterfall above the lake more than 100 years ago. The water below contains a great deal of iron, as glaciers come in contact with the air producing red iron oxides, leaving the blood stain on the ice.

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Finding more meteors than anywhere on Earth: Although meteorites everywhere are nearly equal, there are many reasons why scientists can easily spot meteors in Antarctica such as white ice surface, very dry climate, almost no possibility of corrosion. More than 20,000 unidentified rocks in Antarctica were collected in 1976.

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The largest recorded iceberg is greater than Jamaica: Iceberg B-15 is about 295 km long, 37 km wide, with a surface area of 11,000 km2 recorded as the largest iceberg in the world. The area of this iceberg is larger than the entire Jamaica island, the Caribbean. In 2000, the B-15 Iceberg split into smaller icebergs, then drifted to the sea.

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In Antarctica, there are two civil settlements: The larger town is Villa Las Estrellas founded in 1984. The Chilean research station now has a school, hospital, motel, post office, Internet, TV. The other town is Esperanza Base, an Argentine research station with 55 residents including 10 families and 2 secondary school teachers, founded in 1953 and became famous in 1978 with the birth of Emilio Marcos Palma who is the first one born in Antarctica.

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More than 300 large lakes exist below the ice: Up to now, over 300 large lakes have been identified below the Antarctic continent. These lakes were not frozen due to the geothermal energy of the Earth's core and became part of a vast network of deep underwater ice sheets. The researchers believe that these isolates may be home to unknown modern scientific microorganisms.

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The Antarctic was a tropical continent and could be re-formed by CO2 emissions: About 52 million years ago, when the climate was very hot and CO2 levels were more than double today, Antarctica was a tropical paradise along with mammals.

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Antarctica, Arctic and some islands without ants: Most of the land in the world has at least one native ants. However, Antarctica, Arctic, and a few remote or harsh islands are not the "settlements" of ant.

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With climate change, Antarctica has lost 3 trillion tons of ice in just 25 years: Moreover, the melting process has accelerated dramatically over the past five years. When analyzing data from multiple satellite surveys in 1992-2017, a group of 84 international researchers found that the Antarctic ice sheet melted around three times faster than before 2012. It is estimated that there are more than 241 billion tons of melting ice each year.

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The only continent without reptiles: Antarctica has many wildlife species such as whales, seals, penguins and other birds. Among them, penguins are the most common animals. However, snakes and other reptiles are not present in the harshest of the Earth.

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Earth's gravity is shifting because of climate change: Today, the impact of climate change is very serious. According to the European Space Agency (ESA), in just three years from 2009 to 2012, melting of ice in West Antarctica caused a decrease in the gravity field of the region and changed the gravity of the Earth.

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There is an ATM: Wells Fargo Bank (USA) installed an ATM in 1998 at McMurdo Station, the largest science center on the continent. Located near New Zealand, ATMs only distribute US dollars.

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There are 7 Christian churches: Even in the harshest climates in the world, people still have places to worship. Today there are at least seven Catholic churches on the continent of Antarctica, such as the Chapel of the Snow, Trinity Chapel, and San Francisco de Assis.

By: Kalen Jonas

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