11 mysteries behind famous tourist symbols (Part II)

Do you know the original name of Big Ben or the color of Golden Gate Bridge?

6. The early appearance of the Sphinx and its actual age


The Sphinx  of Giza was not the same as it is now. It was painted very bright different colors. And it has an intact nose, not a lost nose like the present. The color fragments behind its ear are evidence of the former Sphinx glory.

Many historians believe that the sculpture originally had a head off a lion or a dog. The human face was then carved out as the only possible explanation for its head ratio to the body. What is even more interesting is that the discovery of the sphinx was carried out by Pharaoh Khufu and it was found buried in sand. Egyptologists believe that Sphinx was made in 2686 BC and is the oldest monument in Egypt.

7. Leaning Tower of Pisa


There are many interesting events around the Leaning Tower of Pisa. What most people know is that it's famous for its tilt but many people do not know the history of the formation and  people who created it. It is believed that Bonanna Pisano built the Leaning Tower of Pisa but this is not a complete truth because the tower has lost nearly 200 years to build.

The foundation of the tower was laid in the 12th century and during the construction it began to tilt because of a soft layer on one side. The inclination continued to increase even until the completion of the 14th century. It was only repaired and stabilized at the beginning of the 21st century. While Pisano was credited in the construction, Diotisalvi was actually considered the original architect of the tower due to other works such as bell tower of San Nicola and Baptistery in Pisa. And the famous tower of the Leaning Tower of Pisa was made by Tomaso Di Andrea Pisano in 1372.

8. Danaë of Rembrandt


After two years of marriage to Saskia Van Uylenburgh, Rembrandt painted a famous painting he called Danaë. The mystery is the fact that although Rembrandt used his wife as a model for some of his paintings, she was not the same as the woman in Danaë. Even styles did not match the works of the 1630s. Only recent research has clarified the mystery.

X-ray examination showed that the painting actually carried some resemblance to his wife but the famous painter remade the painting after the death of Saskia when he fell in love with another woman named Geertje Dircx. Danaë's facial features are a combination of the characteristics of both women.

9. Original name of Big Ben in England


"Big Ben" is the name we know about the symbol of London, the Big Ben clock tower. But that is not the official name of this famous place. The entire structure of this structure, before 2012, was officially called the "Clock Tower of Westminster Palace”. Today its name is still not Big Ben but "The Elizabeth Tower".

It is unclear that the clock tower is called “Big Ben" ever. One hypothesis suggested it was named after a man who managed the bell. Because the day before, when there was no automatic system, it required real strength to ring the bell everyday. That man was nicknamed Big Ben.

10. What color is the Golden Gate Bridge?


As one of the most famous landmarks in the world and of San Francisco, the Golden Gate Bridge image is very popular because of its unique color. During the construction of the bridge, requiring a Navy license, the agency asked the bridge to emphasize the black and gold stripes so boats could see in the fog. Architect Irving Morrow, later convinced the Navy to agree with the dark orange color, which is not only attracted visitors but could also be seen in all weather conditions.

11. The sky in “The Scream” painting


One of the famous icons was the painting "The Scream" in 1895. Initially Edward Munch named it "The Scream of Nature". The picture was described as an autobiography depicting the experience Munch had experienced in his diary. The scream was actually Munch's scream when he went out with his two friends who had left him and moved forward. It was also believed that Munch was not in a normal state at the time.

The blood red sky is thought to have been due to the Krakatoa volcanic eruption in 1883. The eruption caused a great deal of red volcanic ash still suspended in the atmosphere to brighten the sky. As a result, the bright orange sunset was observed throughout the world for several years.

By: Kalen Jonas

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