Is protein-rich food the only main cause of gout?

Gout is a common disease in men caused by poor diet and exercise habits. Many people think that only protein-rich foods cause gout, but it’s not true.

Gout is a common form of arthritis in men between the ages of 30 and 60, but nowadays it is getting more and more common in young people due to their unhealthy diet and lifestyle.

The first cause of gout is genes. Scientists have confirmed that there are five genes involved in gout, including three genes located in the testicles and two genes in the liver. So if someone in your family ever gets gout then you're likely to get it too. This is followed by red meat, diuretics, obesity, undergoing transplantation of organs…

Gout occurs when uric acid in the form of tiny sharp crystals deposit in the joints causing inflammation and pain, which usually develop at night. Uric acid is a waste formed by the natural destruction of the purine. Drinking too much alcohol and eating too much protein, increasing the amount of purines in the body, resulting in gout.


Many gentlemen think that only limiting protein is enough, but it is actually wrong. Besides protein-rich foods, alcohol is also a leading cause of gout.

Alcohol is the main source of uric acid that causes gout

A team of specialists at Massachusett Hospital conducted a follow-up of 47,000 men over a 12-year period and found out that people who drank two glasses of beer a day were 2.5 times more likely to have gout, compared to those who did not drank alcohol.

As known, uric acid is the main cause of gout, which is produced in the process of decomposition of protein purines, which should be discharged out. But unreasonable eating habits not only increases the amount of purines, but it also generates free radicals that lead to the risk of genetic mutation.


Foods that are nutritious but contain large amounts of purines are mostly red meat such as beef, goat meat, some types of fish, prawns, crabs, viscera. And of course, alcohol is just the same. At the same time, the main ingredient in the alcohol is ethanol, which will soon be converted to acid after entering the body, including acetic acid. Uric acid and acetic acid meet and “fight” against each other, causing uric acid to reduce the solubility of the urine, leaving them in the body and cause gout.

Alcohol reduces the function of liver and kidneys

People who regularly drink alcohol for 1-2 months are twice likely to develop gout than normal people. Thus, the incidence of alcoholism is always proportional to the incidence of gout. The cause is that alcohol reduces the functioning of the liver and kidneys, leading to imbalance uric metabolism in the body.  From there, the vicious cycle of alcoholism, liver failure and uric acid formation occurs continuously, leading to heavier gout.

Once you have gout, you are also very likely to face other diseases such as kidney failure, kidney stones, liver and even liver cancer.

By: Peter Baker

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