5 common diseases when the seasons change

Dry weather makes us vulnerable to common diseases such as sore throat, eye pain, allergic rhinitis and flu.

Autumn is the transition between summer and winter, the temperature changes from hot to cold. Dry air is a favorable condition for viruses and bacteria to bloom. Some diseases also become much more popular in this period of time. 


Pharyngitis is a disease that can affect people at any ages in cold weather. Pharyngitis originates in many factors, mainly viruses such as adenovirus, rhinovirus, influenza viruses and measles virus. Pharyngitis can be diagnosed basing on a number of symptoms like thick voice, voice loss, sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, runny or stuffy nose, sometimes accompanied by headache, tinnitus, cough and fever.

To prevent pharyngitis, you should wear a scarf on cold days, drink warm water and eat nutritious foods. Photo: Doctoroz. 

Allergic rhinitis 

Allergic rhinitis is a condition that can occur throughout the year, especially in the autumn when the air starts getting drier. Pollen and mold from fallen leaves released in the air also lead to the illness. People with allergic rhinitis often experience stuffy nose, runny nose, sore throat, they can sneeze very often, feeling like a flu for a long time. Although it is not really dangerous to health, allergic rhinitis is difficult to treat, affecting the daily life. 

The best way to protect yourself from this illness is to keep your house clean. Besides, you should cover your nose when going out in cold weather. 


Fall and spring with drizzly and humid air are favorable conditions for the viruses to develop. In these two seasons, the respiratory system and the immune system become more sensitive. 

Flu virus can be easily spread. Photo: Jewel. 

Symptoms of flu include runny nose, stuffy nose, sore throat, hoarseness, tiredness and sleepiness. You can prevent the flu by using multivitamins, drinking plenty of water, washing your mouth regularly with salt water, and eating garlic. 

Eye pain

Eye pain is usually accompanied by itchiness, wateriness and redness. The illness often lasts for a week or so, but if it is left untreated, the pain can get worse and lead to keratitis and vision loss. 

Eye infections spread very quickly, affecting daily activities. To prevent eye infections, you should clean your eyes with uncontaminated water, do not share your towels with anyone else and avoid  staying close to infected people. 

Cardiovascular disease 

Cardiovascular disease can occur at any time, but it is easily diagnosed in autumn. The cause is that in this season, people often suffer from many other diseases, which leads to a weakened immune system and a vulnerable circulatory system. 

The weakened immune system allows cardiovascular disease to escalate. Photo: FDA. 

In order to prevent this silent killer, you are highly advised to stay healthy by quitting smoking as well as alcohol, exercising regularly and balancing your diet.

By: Chris Stewart

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