Petra - Jordan: the city of the tombs

Petra is the most famous and spectacular destination in Jordan. With many tourists interested in exploring, the city of these tombs still contains so many mysteries.

The road is very interesting, leading through a narrow ravine. The two cliffs are from 80 to 100 meters, so the sky above is only a narrow blue band. After walking or riding a horse for about 3km, just out of the ravine, in front of the Petra city is surrounded by cliffs seemingly insurmountable.

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A narrow ravine leading to Petra

Al Khazneh, "the treasure house of Pharao", was dug into the mountain, with a height of about 40m and a width of 30m. This is the tomb of the king and his family more than 2,000 years ago. The six Corinthian pillars are elaborated and at the top of these pillars are urns - Petra's first destination has opened to visitors the most magnificent facade.

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People call Petra "the stone casket of an ancient culture”. Not too flattering to say Petra is a unique city. especially the combination between the ancient architecture and wonderful hills and mountains with the shapes, colors and the various types of rocks.

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In the summer of 1812, the 25-year-old Swiss man named Johann-Ludwig Burckhardt made an exploration of the Near East. In eastern Jordan, the Bedouin told him of a ruin in an uninhabitable desert. Burckhardt speaks fluent Arabic, knows all the traditions and customs here. He pretended to be a Muslim on pilgrimage and became the first European ever after 600 years to find his way to the world's incomparable treasure: a city in the cliffs of Petra.

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The city was erected by the Nabataeans, an ancient Semitic tribe. Their original hometown is not yet identified. The golden age of the Nabataeans was around the first century BC to the end of the first century AD, when they controlled the caravan trade in the Near East and became rich and mighty.

Petra, located at the intersection of various trade routes and protected by high cliffs, has rapidly grown into a wealthy and glamorous city. At that time there were 30,000 people living in the theater, built according to the prototype of the Greeks and Romans.

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Almost everything in Petra is made from a block. From the rocks, monolithic cliffs of statues have created houses, temples, castles and tombs, as well as their facades, and require a period of 20-30 years depending on the size. and the meaning of those works.

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Ed Deir is also one of the highlights of the tour.

Since Burckhardt discovered the city, archaeologists have found about 800 works to be kept and put them into catalogs as well as research and analysis. Some secrets have been decoded but many mysteries need to be solved, and this adds to the charm and appeal of the land.

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By: Gitta Russell

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