14 of the strangest mushrooms in the world

Mushrooms shaped like octopus, mushrooms emitting blue light in the shadows or bleeding tooth fungus are the bizarre mushrooms in the world.

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Gyromitra esculenta is also called brain mushroom. It is considered popular dish in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe and the Great Lakes region in North America, but only when properly processed. People who eat live mushrooms are at risk of dying. 

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Small blue Entoloma hochstetteri mushrooms are commonly seen in New Zealand and India. The characteristic blue color is formed from three azulene pigments. The fungus has not been determined to be edible. The image of green fungus is on the stamp and the back of the New Zealand bill. 

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Clathrus archeri is a weird mushroom from Australia and Tasmania. The mushrooms are reddish-pink, shaped like octopuses with 4-7 long-tentacles. Not only strange shapes, they also emit rotten meat. 

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This mushroom is found in Africa, Europe, Central America and North America. The fungus is relatively small in size with a diameter of only 2.5cm, surrounded by small spines. Mushrooms are edible when they are young, white and firm. Some experiments have shown that this species can prevent the growth of some pathogenic bacteria. 

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The French name for this fungus is Phallus de Chien and Satyre des chiens. This is a common mushroom in Europe, Asia and eastern North America. They are found at the end of summer, beginning of autumn on leaves of fallen leaves and small pieces of wood. This is an inedible mushroom. 

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Trametes versicolor fungus is a colorful species and easily detected. Their colors and shapes are also similar to Western ponytail. The color of the fungus may depend on the location and age of the fungus. This is considered a drug that can assist in the fight against cancer. 

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The droplets of sticky and red liquid coming out of the fungus make people think of blood drops. Thanks to this feature, it is named bleeding tooth fungus-Hydnellum peckii. The fungus is also known as the "devil's tooth" or another visual deceiver, "cream and mulberry", found in rainforests in North America and Europe. 

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Clathrus ruber is a freak-like creature like strange creatures in alien movies, or a spider-like monster growing out of egg-shaped white mushrooms. These fungi can be eaten, but their horrible savor makes no one want to taste it. 

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This mushroom shaped like a woman's veil. They live in the southern regions of Asia, Africa, the Americas and Australia. The upper lid has a greyish brown spore to attract insects and help disperse the stem. Mushrooms are edible, sometimes used in food processing in China. 

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Mycena chlorophos lives in the subtropical environment of Asia, Australia and Brazil. The hat and trunk emit green light in the dark. The fungus emits the brightest green when it is one day old and the temperature around is about 27 degrees Celsius. After the first day the mushroom’s hat opens, the light will fade until it can’t be observed with the naked eyes. 

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Laccaria amethystina is a purple mushroom and comes from the forests of North America, Central America, South America, Europe and Asia. Mushrooms are violet when they are still young and bright purple is lost during development, making them more difficult to identify. Although the fungus is edible, it is not a wise choice because soil contaminants such as arsenic can accumulate in the fungus. 

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This strange mushroom is called by many different names like lion mane and hedgehog fungus. This fungus is native to North America and grows on hardwood trees. Despite its odd shape, the fungus is edible and sometimes used in Chinese cuisine. 

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Chorioactis geaster is a rare mushroom, found only in some areas of Texas and Japan. In Texas, mushrooms on the roots of dead cedar trees, while in Japan mushrooms grow in dead oak trees. The mushroom is shaped like a blooming flower. 

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Lactarius indigo fungus is dark blue to light green gray. Mushroom resins flow when mushrooms are cut or damaged, the fungus turns into green when exposed to air. Mushrooms live in coniferous and deciduous forests of North America, East Asia and Central America. Although the fungus is quite toxic, some sources say it is edible and is sold in markets in China, Guatemala and Mexico. 

By: Scarlet Johnson

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