Why do healthy young people have heart attack?

They exercise. They eat well. They do not smoke. And they are young. But they still have heart attack. Why?

Amy Josar has never had a hard time picking up her dog because her Jack Russell-pug weighs just 18 lbs. But on a summer night in 2016, Josar could not do it. She felt unwell for several days, with several symptoms - chest pain, which she thought was due to hot summer, plus diarrhea, abdominal pain, excessive sweating – which made her wonder if she had a virus or not.

heart-attack

But it was not a virus, but a heart attack and Josar was only 37 years old.

According to CDC, Josar is one of about 735,000 Americans suffering a heart attack every year. But youth, healthy diet, regular exercise and no smoking are causing her heart attack to look strange. Her health indicators do not show any signs of poor cardiovascular health: old age, unhealthy diet or a diagnosis of obesity, or tobacco dependence.

However, the fact is heart disease except for one: It can happen in any person. However, the cause of heart disease may be harder to find.

Josar's heart attack stems from a "marriage" among clots that doctors think is due to contraceptive pills and Sjogren's syndrome, an immune disorder that can increase the risk of heart attack.

4 risk factors

John Osborne, a cardiologist and volunteer at the American Heart Association, explains that heart disease is often due to risk factors he calls The Big Four: diabetes, cigarette smoking, high blood pressure and cholesterol. But it's important to remember that they are not the only risk factors and poor cardiovascular health can occur even in the healthy people.

In February, 1974, famous fitness trainer Bob Harper, who was familiar with NBC's The Biggest Loser program, had a heart attack and cardiac arrest at a gym in Manhattan.

Harper, now 52, said he didn’t remember anything on a heart attack today, but remembered that he was dizzy when he walked into the practice room. Then he found himself waking up in the hospital after a two-day coma.

Harper's heart attack was caused by an increase in lp (a), or lipoprotein (a), a cholesterol index that can increase the risk of heart attack. This high cholesterol is especially difficult to detect because it is not shown by routine cholesterol testing by your doctor. In other words, you must know to request this test.

The problem is that many people, especially young people and those who appear to be perfectly healthy, are often not checked for these abnormalities because they do not feel there is anything to worry about.

 Prevention: Simple but important

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Many precautions seem pretty simple, Osborne admits, but they are still very important. First of all know your family history, and not just for heart disease but also stroke, diabetes and cholesterol levels. Ask your family members, both near and far, about their medical history, as it may be a clue for your doctor to check.

Dr. Osborne also offers very basic but important preventive care: Exercise at least 30 minutes a day and eat healthy with plenty of plant foods and less red meat.

By: Stephan Swift

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