Soybean - a precious food for disease prevention
Soyabean, scientific name Glycine, belonging to the Fabaceae family, is a bean rich in protein and oil. Due to its high yield, good nutritional value, soybean is cultivated for human and animal feed. In addition, soybean is also able to improve the soil, increasing the yield of crops.
Soybean is highly valued by nutritionists as they are rich in protein and lipids. This ingredient can be used to make many delicious foods, such as powder, milk, tofu, paste...
Soy protein in vegetal casein does not differ much from animal casein in milk.
100 g of soybeans contain 34 g - 40 g of protein and about 20 g of lipid, more than the corresponding protein in any meat. Soy protein in the form of vegetal casein is not different much from animal casein in milk. This protein is high in quality, includes the amino acids necessary for the development and maintenance of the human body such as glycine, valine, leucine, tyrosine, agrinine, histidine, lysine, tryptophane, cysteine.
Soybeans is also rich in vitamins and minerals. There are almost all types of vitamins in soybeans, including water-soluble vitamins such as B1, B2, PP... and vitamin D in oils such as A and D, E, K, F.... In addition to nutritional value, soybeans and processed foods from soybeans also have many valuable effects in the prevention and treatment of many diseases, especially the ability to lower blood cholesterol in people with atherosclerosis.
The causes and mechanisms of atherosclerosis are complex. High blood cholesterol is one of the important manifestations of the disease. Many studies have shown that people with high cholesterol who eat soy protein supplements (in replacement of animal proteins) have lower blood cholesterol levels. Soybean diet including 150 grams of tofu and 80 grams of soybean processed daily into different dishes can lower the average cholesterol level by 10-20%. This diet also lowers blood pressure in nearly 80% of patients with high cholesterol or high blood pressure. Therefore, elderly people suffering from hypertension, hypercholesterolemia should supplement soy or soy products in the diet to prevent atherothrombosis.
Soybeans contain large amounts of cellulose, which effectively blocks the body from absorbing too much sugar to prevent diabetes. This is a very good food for patients with diabetes. In addition, soybeans is rich in carotene, vitamins, isoflavones and anthocyanins. Flavonoids help promote calcium absorption so it can improve osteoporosis in the body.
However, in some cases, such as hunger, poor digestion, gout, using antibiotics, recovery from surgery or illness, you should not drink soybeans to avoid affecting your health.
By: Mithrine Smith