Depression - the 'psychological monster' frightening many people
Society is more modern, the problem of psychological disease is even more dangerous. Remember that in 2017, the mother heartlessly killed her baby because of a disease called depression, which has caused shock. At this point people really understand the dangers of the "monster" that is always implicit in each other. So what is depression and how big is its power that can make a normal person so extreme?
WHAT IS DEPRESSION?
Depression is a mood disorder that causes feelings of sadness, frustration, self-isolation and affects our thoughts and actions. This situation is a major obstacle to our daily lives and can even lead to suicide. Depression is not just sadness or loneliness in a short time but it lasts an average of 6-8 months.
Depression seems simple but really dangerous and has serious consequences. By 2015, it was estimated that 16.1 million adults in the United States (18 years or older) suffer from depression. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has declared depression to be the most common psychological disorder.
Depression can affect anyone, at any age, in any gender that we can not anticipate. According to the NIMH, the number of women suffering from depression is more than double that of men. In the report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), researchers found that women at the age of 40-59 have the highest rate of depression (12.3%).
SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION
According to the American Psychiatric Association, people with depression don’t only simply experience feelings of sadness, loneliness, depression, but also other symptoms including:
- Being easily agitated, or restless
- Can’t concentrate or make decisions
- Insomnia or excessive sleep
- Change eating habits, eat more or less
- Fatigue, lack of vitality
- Having a headache or pain in the body
- Feeling desperate, lack of confidence
- Don’t participate in normal social activities
- Having thoughts of suicide
CAUSES OF DEPRESSION
The causes of depression today are not fully understood and accurate but the scientists suggest that depression may be due to a combination of factors such as heredity, change in level of neurotransmission, environmental, psychological and social transmission.
There are also people at higher risk for depression than others for the following reasons:
- Due to circumstances: loss of relatives, divorce, bad relationships
- Personality: People with weak psychology often face difficulties in life.
- Genetics: Someone who has had depression 1
- Children with psychological trauma
- The influence of drugs such as sleeping pills, tranquilizers, antihypertensive drugs
- Abuse of drugs such as alcohol and tobacco
- Head injury
- Ever depressed
- Chronic diseases like diabetes, lung disease or heart disease
TREATMENT FOR DEPRESSION
Up to half of people with depression receive no medical help. Depression, if it isn’t treated in time, it can leave negative consequences for you and for society.
The three most common treatments for depression are psychotherapy, antidepressants, and electrocautery.
HOW TO PREVENT DEPRESSION
In fact, depression can be easily prevented if we know how to change the way we live our lives.
- Doing exercise: Try to spend at least 30 minutes a day practicing.
- Going out: Even if you feel depressed too, meeting people or enjoying the surrounding space can help you feel better.
- Thinking less: If you are tired, relaxing without thinking too much which makes the brain feel stressed.
- Talking more: Talk to people you trust and share feelings with them.
- Eating a healthy diet with proper nutrition
- Staying away from stimulants
- Getting enough sleep
By: Relly Jonas